How to carry out field management of kidney beans

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I. The alias and classification of kidney beans

Kids beans are suitable for planting in temperate and tropical high -altitude areas. It is more resistant to cold and light -like pollination and short -day crops. Worm-shaped flowers, general inflorescence, 15-18 cm long. Blossom more pods. It is rich in nutrition and high protein content, that is, vegetables and grain, and can also be used as cakes and beans. They are important agricultural and sideline products exporting foreign exchange.

Kidminton (commonly known as the second season of beans or four seasons), the bean beans, a year of bean, a year, entangled or near upright herb. The Mexican and Argentina, which are native to the Americas, only began to cited cultivation at the end of the 16th century.

Alias: vegetable beans, flower beans, acacia beans, tiger beans, removing damp beans, puffed beans, saffron beans, dragon claw beans, snow mountain beans.

Category: kidney beans are divided into large white kidney beans, big black flower kidney beans, yellow kidney beans, red kidney beans and other varieties. The first two are particularly famous. Kidmarks are rich in nutrition, and the content of protein, calcium, iron, and B vitamins is very high. Frequent eating kidney beans can accelerate skin metabolism, relieve the skin and hair dryness. The saponin substance in the kidney beans can promote fat metabolism and is one of the ideal foods of the weight loss.

2. Conditions for kidney beans

Kidminton beans are suitable for planting in temperate and tropical high -altitude areas. So what are the conditions for kidney bean planting?

1. Temperature: Kidminton is more cold -resistant, avoid high temperature, and freeze when the temperature is lower than 5 ° C. The growth and development requirement for the frost-free period is more than 120 days. The most suitable germination temperature is 20-25 ° C. The suitable growth temperature is 18-20 ° C. It is difficult to grant it higher than 30 ° C or lower than 15 ° C.

2. Lighting: belongs to different flowers, short -day crops, and like sufficient sunlight. The shorter the sunshine time, the sun is sufficient, the more advanced the kidney beans are flowing, pods, and mature time. Conversely, the sun is extended and the sun is insufficient. The kidney beans bloom, pod, and mature time are prolonged.

3. Water: During the full fertility period, the kidney beans requirements are sufficient and uniform moisture. The flowering pod period is the period when the most water requires water, that is, the dating period of water. At this time, if water is missing, it has a greater impact on yield.

3. Kidminton planting skills

1. Select good varieties: good varieties are the key to improving kidney bean production, quality and its product value. Essence Selection should be carried out before sowing, and the seeds are large, full, neat, luster, and disease -free pests and damaged seeds. Before sowing, planting in the sun for one to two days will promote the neatness of the hair and prevent the rotten planting of low temperature sowing in early spring.

2. Fine and tidy: Fields that plant kidney beans should be plowed in advance to increase the power. First, choose the soil layer deep and medium fertility,The groundwater level is low, the drainage is good, the ventilation is the sun, and the organic matter is planted with relatively high organic matter. For the bottom fertilizer, the farm fertilizer of farm is 1500-2000㎏ per acre before the whole land. Before sowing, use 25㎏ compound fertilizer per acre as planting fertilizer, but the phosphorus and potassium are not exposed to the seeds. Planting fields should be kept deeply cultivated, and the ditch, pond, and sowing should be planted on the same day to reduce the loss of water evaporation.

3, timely sowing: The white kidney beans should not be heavy, and it is planted with corn or potato the next year. The best sowing period for kidney beans is from April 20th to May 5th, which is Gu Yu to Lixia. The liquid tide should be used to plant in the deep pond in order to keep the soil moisture and ensure the one-time whole seedlings. The sowing depth is 10-15㎝. Cover about 6㎝ about 6㎝.

4. Reasonable dense planting: Cosmetic beans are cultivated, kidney beans are wet and afraid of waterlogging. The cultivation of ridge can improve the temperature, which is conducive to drainage and humidity, and maintaining soil permeability. The net-breed kidney beans start with a row spacing of 2.0-2.5 feet. The pond distance is 2000-2500 ponds. The seeds are 5-6 kg per mu, and 3-4 capsules are broadcast per pond. The upper fields are 1500 ponds per acre, and the planting specifications are 90㎝ u0026#215; 50㎝, and the middle and lower equal fields are 1600-1800 ponds per acre. The planting specifications are 90㎝ u0026#215; 40㎝. The amount of sowing acres is generally 8-10㎏, and the net species is generally sowing in one line. Reasonable dense planting should grasp the principles of scarcity and lean land. Fat land uses ground power to achieve high yields with the advantages of plants, and use the advantages of the group to increase production.

5. Do good field management.

6. Timely harvest: A batch of mature picks, the pods of kidney beans lasted more than a month, and they were not consistent in the morning and evening. In addition, in the rainy season, if the pods are not harvested in time, it is easy to deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate or deteriorate. Make the bean grain epidermis black affects the price of its goods, so it must be harvested in batches, and the pods are dried in a cool place. Do not expose it. In this way, the granules are made of good grains. Commodity level.

7. Selected seeds and seeds: As the saying goes, “Seeds are selected every year, and the output is high.” The individual output of a single larvae is very different, so it is selected from the field to choose precocious, high -yield single plants, and collect single collection. Selected standards: First, there are many pods, especially the lower pods are concentrated.

Fourth, the management of kidney bean planting fields

① setting seedlings: 2-3 genuine leaves appeared in the seedlings, according to the requirements, leave sufficient seedlings, remove weak seedlings and malformed seedlings. Each pond is left with 2-3 seedlings.

② Pre -manner Management: Timely weeding, cultivation of soil, raw ridge, and pole rods are conducive to ventilation and light transmission, full pods, and improve product quality.

③ Jet in time, adjust the plant: When the seedlings are high 30㎝, the bracket should be inserted, and the vines should be pushed up. Unstable, after the rain, before the rainInsert once.

④ Topping topping: There are many side branches of kidney beans, lush stems and leaves, crowded with each other, affecting ventilation and light transmission, often leading to falling flowers and fruits, so you should use too many side branches.There are a lot of kidney bean flowers, but there are few pods. In order to concentrate the lower flowers of nutrients, a part of the flower stalk’s tip of the flower stalk is early to make the grain hypertrophy.Most of the pods that Daibai kidney beans have been knotted after August cannot mature. At this time, the top of the main vines of the plant should be removed to form a short shrubbone of the plant, reduce the height, increase the number of flowers pods, concentrate the nutrients in the pods, mature early in advance, and mature earlyEssence

⑤ Disease prevention and treatment: mainly*disease, anthracnose, and flower and lobe disease, and the prevention and treatment of Bordeaux liquid and stone flow.

⑥ Insect of pests: mainly local tigers, jumping armor, rolling leaf, pod pods.The land tiger can be killed manually during agricultural operations such as plowing and sowing, and other insect pests can be controlled by plant sources such as insects and chrysanthemums.

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